Drowning

Definition

Drowning is defined as respiratory impairment due to submersion in liquid. Often associated with hypothermia, trauma and result in multi-organ failure.

  • The aspirate is either hypertonic (sea water) or hypotonic (fresh water) leading to pulmonary oedema; the water may carry bacteria or particulate matter.
  • Initial assessment: precipitating event (alcohol/drugs), water type and temperature, known medical history, ABCDE.

 

Resources


paper Drowning, Carter & Sinclair. CEACCP (2011)

 

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Status Epileptics

Resources


guideline NICE CG 137 (2012). The epilepsies: the diagnosis and management of the epilepsies in adults and children in primary and secondary care. (See section 1.14.2 and appendix F for management of status)